In Hinduism, “samsara” refers to the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth that an individual soul (atman) undergoes in various physical forms. It represents the continuous process of reincarnation or transmigration of the soul through different bodies and life experiences.

Key aspects of samsara in Hinduism include:

  1. Reincarnation: Samsara is the belief that the soul (atman) is eternal and undergoes a series of births and deaths, moving from one body to another after the death of the physical form. The cycle of samsara continues until the soul achieves liberation (moksha) from this cycle.
  2. Law of Karma: Samsara is intricately linked with the law of karma. The accumulated actions, deeds, and intentions (good or bad) of an individual in past lives determine the circumstances and experiences of their current life and subsequent rebirths.
  3. Endless Cycle: Samsara represents an endless cycle of existence, where the soul transmigrates through various life forms, such as humans, animals, plants, or other beings, based on its accumulated karma and spiritual evolution.
  4. Purpose and Spiritual Evolution: The purpose of experiencing samsara is to learn and grow spiritually through different life situations and experiences. Each life presents opportunities for learning lessons, resolving karma, and progressing towards spiritual liberation.
  5. Desire and Attachment: Samsara is perpetuated by desires, attachments, and the ego. The cycle continues as individuals cling to worldly desires and remain attached to the material world, leading to further rebirths.
  6. Freedom through Moksha: Liberation from samsara, known as moksha, is the ultimate goal in Hinduism. Moksha is the release from the cycle of birth and death, achieving union with the divine, realizing the true self (atman), and breaking free from the limitations of samsara.

The understanding of samsara is foundational to Hindu beliefs about life, death, and the journey of the soul. It emphasizes the importance of leading a righteous life, cultivating virtues, and ultimately attaining spiritual liberation to break free from the cycle of samsara and achieve union with the divine.

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